As theoretical base for odesenvolvimento of the research, two articles cientficosdesenvolvidos in the city had been used: ' ' The farming fair of the Agronegcio and suainfluncia in the City of Santa Cruz of the Xingu' ' , developed for the Teacher gegrafMarilandi Donin Victory in the year of 2006 and ' ' Dream Land and Saga: ConstruoHistrica of Santa Cruz of the Xingu' ' developed for the teacher to historiadorElsedir Fedrigo Maria in the year of 2009. CHARACTERIZATION OF the CITY OF SANTA CRUZ OF the XINGU-MT SantCruz of Xingu-TM, created through Law N 7,232 of 28 of December of 1.999, is placed in the region Northeast of the State of Mato Grosso, makes verge with the doestado South of Par and with the following cities: Rich village, Confresa, Are Jose doXingu and Peixoto de Azevedo, to a 1.221 distance of km of capitalCuiab, with territorial extension of 571.440, 93 hectares, the headquarters of the city is located in the following ones co-ordinated 10 09' 16 S 52 23' 35' ' W. Altitude is of 280 (two hundred and eighty) meters, having as main economic activities apecuria and agriculture, with bovine flock of approximately 150,000 (centoe fifty) a thousand heads. Its climate is equatorial hot and humid, its annual average temperature is of 24 C, commxima of 42 C, and minim of 4 C. Is part of the great Basins Amazonian eTocantins. The main rivers gifts in the city are: ouComandante freedom Fontoura and Xingu (BLACKSMITH, 2001).
The vegetation of Santa Cruz of the Xingu presents 65% open pasture, 30% kill and 5%campo. The population is of 2116 inhabitants where 56%, are in the agricultural zone and 44% nazona urban. (IBGE, 2007). The history of the occupation and land distribution of the city of SantCruz of Xingu-TM, is example of what it occurred all in the country, a time that the idiaspolticas of the Federal Government was come back toward a desenvolvimentobaseado model of in the modernization of familiar agriculture, and concentration of the land, naexpectativa of wealth in the Amaznia, that and come back toward the extension of its soloque started to be sight as alternative and solution of the eeconmicos social problems.